Lactose Intolerance
Lactose Intolerance

Lactose, or milk sugar, naturally occurs in high concentrations in milk and is a source of energy. It is a component that enables the body to utilize calcium and phosphorus, making it crucial for bone and tooth formation.  Nevertheless, lactose intolerance affects some individuals, leading to discomfort.

Lactose intolerance can be diagnosed through various methods. In our laboratory, patients undergo a method where they are requested to fast for a few hours and their blood samples are taken to assess their current sugar levels.

Following the blood sample collection, the patient receives a solution containing 50 grams of lactose. The blood samples are collected from the patient within 2 hours of lactose ingestion to observe the impact of lactose consumption on blood glucose levels. In case the individual's organism contains lactase enzyme, the initially ingested lactose will be broken down into glucose and galactose, resulting in a rise in blood glucose. However, if repeated measurements show that there is no increase in blood glucose, the person can be diagnosed with lactose intolerance because this sugar cannot be digested.

 

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